Potential Problems and their Solution

Background information

A number of people have expressed skepticism that deer approaching a road from the side will be deterred from crossing when they see one or more reflectors get brighter, then dimmer as a car or truck passes by. It should be noted that these reflectors are designed to work when it is dark, at dawn and at dusk when the deer are less likely to see an approaching vehicle but will instead be blinded by the bright headlights. Their eyes are dark-adapted and they have acute night vision so light from the reflectors shining at them directly in their path will be very easy to see. They do not need to look left or right. Of course, the sound of the approaching vehicle provides a second, simultaneous warning. Deer quickly learn this association of sound and light and know that it is dangerous to cross the road.

Reasons why the reflector system may not work

Some solutions to these problems


From 1978 to 1986, the Swareflex Division of D. Swarovski and Co., Austria, prescribed that the reflectors were to be mounted on posts every 20 meters (66 feet) along each side of the road and directed away from the highway.  This clearly resulted in many blind spots that were not protected by the reflectors.  The effect was even more pronounced when there were trees and heavy vegetation close to the road.  Nevertheless, this older method of installation has been shown to work effectively in wide open spaces and with a level terrain.

The patented Strieter-Lite reflector installation method is customized to the particular circumstances along the road where the deer are likely to cross.  When properly installed, these wide-angle reflectors provide complete reflective light cover for any roadside terrain.

Unfortunately many of the early published reports which have concluded that the reflector system is not effective, used the original obsolete installation method.  Since it was the only installation method known at that time, no comment was made and therefore to a casual observer or a researcher, the system has been and is still reported as being ineffective.  It is important to read these reports very carefully to isolate the more recent results.

One Michigan researcher used stationary lighted headlights mounted on posts for 15-minute intervals with pen-raised deer. Missing the point of apparent moving light patterns along the roadside deterring the deer, he concluded that deer are not deterred by red light and hence the Swareflex reflectors are ineffective. Researchers referencing this study have also missed the point of unnatural light patterns present in the reflector system and use it as additional proof of ineffectiveness of the Strieter-Lite system.

Many studies published on the Internet are flawed for one or more of the following reasons: 1) inaccurate monitoring if dawn and dusk patrols are not made every day, 2) inaccurate recording of collisions if daylight hours are not counted and, 3) inaccurate locations of collisions within the test site.

Evidence for Effectiveness

We have found by actual tests that the Strieter-Lite system, when installed correctly, has indeed been effective with reductions as high as 100%. Many users report reductions in collisions over periods of 10-15 years with constant or increasing deer population. This system is an effective and economical way to dramatically reduce the tragic nighttime accidents caused by vehicles colliding with deer.

Another indication of effectiveness is that States and Provinces currently using the Strieter-Lite reflectors continue to purchase new installations and replacements. In particular, these orders are being made by State, County and City Departments of Transportation in Alberta, British Columbia, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Washington and Wyoming.

As an additional incentive for installing this reflector system, the Federal Highway Administration in January 1985 approved the Swareflex and later the Strieter-Lite system for 80% federal funding through the Hazard Elimination Program (HEP) for States.  Now they are eligible for 90% federal funding under the Federal Highway Administration, Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP).

We have many reports of successful reductions of deer-vehicle collisions over the years. Highway maintenance crews and police attest to the reductions evidenced by less carcass removal and reported accidents. We are preparing a summary that analyzes the many published studies on the Internet regarding our systems.

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