New Jersey Turnpike 1999 Annual Report
The following is an excerpt from the New Jersey Turnpike 1999 Annual Report:
Turnpike Steps Up Safety With Animal Deterrent System
The Turnpike Authority has taken steps to ensure the safety of its patrons and New Jersey's wildlife through a pilot program using the state-of-the-art Strieter-Lite Wild Animal Highway Warning Reflector System. The Authority embarked on this pilot program in mid-1999 based on a study of vehicle accidents resulting from deer attempting to cross the mainline. Installed in September 1999, the system will be evaluated over a two-year period to determine its effectiveness.
Located between Milepost 14.5 and 15.4, this system discourages deer from crossing the roadway by reflecting the headlights of oncoming vehicles onto the side of the roadway. These reflections frighten the deer and discourage them from entering the road.
The Strieter-Lite Wild Animal Warning Reflector is one of the few systems that does not affect deer migration patterns and does not present any physical barriers between the deer and their destination.
New Jersey Turnpike Authority Benefit/Cost Analysis
Information Provided by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority
Wildlife Reflectors Benefit/Cost Analysis
Anthony S. Nardone, Engineer Assistant
Benefit/Cost Analysis—20 year period
Unit cost per mile: $10,247
Annual maintenance cost: $1,255 per yr/per mile
|Costs (per 1.15 miles)||Disbenefits|
|Labor: $1,990||Accidents: $5,000 each|
|$11,816 / 1.15 miles = $10,274 per mile|
- Between milepost 0–95
- Based on 2 years (1997–1998)
Total number of accidents = 77
77 accidents / 2 years = 38.5 accidents/per year
38.5 accidents ($5,000) per accident = $192,500 average yearly payout for deer accidents.
- EUAC—Equivalent Uniform Annual Cost
- P—Value or sum of money at a time denoted as the present
- A—A series of periodic, equal amounts of money
- n—Number of interest periods
- i—interest rate per interest period.
EUAC (a) = $10,274 (A/P, 6%, 20) + $1,255 = $2,150
EUAC (b) = $192,500
B/C Ratio: $192,500/2,150 = 89.5
Note: B/C > 1 Justifies Spending—B/C < 1 means that spending is not justified.
B/C Ratio Computed for Various Reductions in Accidents
New Jersey Turnpike Authority Report
Anthony S. Nardone, Project Manager, New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Jan 1999 to Sep 2004
|Location:||New Jersey Turnpike: MP 14.25 – MP 15.4|
|Length of Reflectorized Section:||1.15 mile|
|Reflectors Installed:||September 1999|
|Reflector Installation Design:||Mounted on each side of the concrete median barrier and on the outside directed away from the highway and opposite those mounted on the barrier – 50 feet spacing|
|Terrain:||Straight and level with guardrails at down slope areas|
|Deer-Vehicle After Dark Accident History Prior to Installation:||1997: 6|
|Deer-Vehicle After Dark Accident History After Installation:||1999: 0|
|Through Sep. 2004: 0|
|Subsequent Purchases||8/99: 500||7/00: 100|